Foreword to the third and
fourth ed. of Werner Greub "How The Grail Sites Were Found"
by Robert Jan Kelder
Date: Mon, 3 Dec 2001 22:42:21 +0100
Werner Greub "How The Grail Sites Were Found"
This book is presently available from the Willehalm Institute here, via the Goetheanum Bookstore in Dornach, Switzerland and in England at the Rudolf Steiner House Bookshop, 35 Park Road, London (NW16XT)
or The Well Springs Bookshop, New Oxford Street 5, London NW3 1SY
"As reading material for the flight we have already laid aside our copy of Holy Grail Across the Atlantic - The Secret History of Canadian Discovery and Exploration by M. Bradley in order to connect with the local lore. Upon arriving in Montreal, our old homing ground in the sixties, we hope to further present and promote this present volume, including the setting up of an international, interdisciplinary research team to carry out further research on the sites discovered by Werner Greub, especially on the Hornichopf in Arlesheim and also on those sites suggested by him in Africa that are waiting to be discovered."
With these words we ended the previous introduction to the first edition, written in Amsterdam in the beginning of June 2001; in this foreword to the third edition a short overview shall be given as to what became of these aspirations.
On June 28, 2001, within two weeks upon arriving in Montreal, Canada, the first (limited) edition of How The Grail Sites Were Found was presented during an informal lecture by the translator to members of the Anthroposophical Society in (Old) Montreal. A second, improved, edition of 50 copies of this research report was then published in Montreal on July 5, 2001, after which it was presented in the Peterborough Town Library in New Hampshire on July 19 - the first time that this novel work was ever publicly introduced to an English-speaking audience and mentioned in the press.(1) Afterwards, similar talks and slide shows under the title How The Grail Sites Were Found were organized by the Willehalm Institute in three other libraries in the New England area of the United States: in the Rudolf Steiner Library in Ghent, NY,(2) the Bushnell-Sage Memorial Library in Sheffield, MA and the Woodstock Town Library, NY. On September 6 the circle was closed with the Anthroposophical Society in Montreal organizing a public presentation at the Atwater Library.
In all of these talks an attempt was made, as the previous introduction put it, "to connect with the local lore", i.e. to refer to and comment on the book by M. Bradley Holy Grail Across the Atlantic - The Secret History of Canadian Discovery and Exploration (Willowdale, Ontario, Canada, 1988). It seems more than fitting to present our North American reader with a short summary of and commentary on this "local Grail lore" in the light of this book by Werner Greub with the sub-title Wolfram von Eschenbach and the Reality of the Grail. After all, no one landing on these shores with a book proclaiming that the medieval Grail sites of Wolfram von Eschenbach have been found in Europe, can do so without dealing at some length with a book purporting to show that the mysterious "Castle at the Cross" in Nova Scotia and later Montreal were Grail sites from the 14h to the 18th century, because they harboured and protected nothing less than the "Holy Grail" itself during that period. And if that is not enough: Montreal was even founded by a semi-secret society with a view to just doing that!
We will look how the concepts of King Arthur and the Holy Grail, Camelot and the Grail castle Munsalvaesche as well as the question of Wolfram's source, the enigmatic Kyot, are dealt with in Michael Bradley's book; we begin, however, with a philosophical question: How sure is Bradley of all of the above (and more); does he actually believe, as he himself puts it "this unorthodox interpretation of Western History?" in his book, which was published with assistance of the Canada Council and the Ontario Arts Council? His answer is: "Yes, I believe it to be the truth." He then immediately weakens this, however, by continuing:
At least, I believe it to be a much closer approximation of the truth than the history taught in universities. After twenty years of research, and some minor contributions to what might be called 'conventional' interpretations of history, I have concluded that the acceptable history of textbooks is inadequate and misleading. While I'm willing to grant that some of the details may be wrong and that some people may have been erroneously consigned to a role in the Great Conspiracy, I have come to believe sincerely that the facts of Western History (such as they are known) argue the presence of an almost-hidden group of people which has moulded major patterns of human development, which has managed humanity at crisis points. We have been guided in our progress by a secret organization. (p.13)
Now, as anyone who has, or will, read Greub's book shall agree, there are major differences in style and content between Bradley's book and Greub's research report. Yet, at this point, however, they overlap to some extent; it is for example Greub's contention that the history textbooks covering the first half of the 9th century - based as they are, according to him (and other scholars) on biased court and church 'historians' of that period - need to be rewritten in the light of his discovery that the poet-knight Wolfram von Eschenbach is to be regarded as an exact historian of the Grail Family, a theme hitherto consigned to the realm of romantic fables. Another point that they have in common is that both works seem to have been largely, if not completely ignored by the established academic world. Here, however, as we shall point out, the similarities end.
As befits a book addressing a North American audience Bradley begins his book with a summary of the more recent literary, historical and archeological research on, as well as folklore around Glastonbury and King Arthur, "The Christmas King of Camelot". After all, this theme is a household word here and was not John F. Kennedy administration synonymous with Camelot? But which King Arthur, one could ask, for there are several serious candidates from around the 5th and 6th century vying for this prestigious title, all possessing the qualifications for this post of supreme military commander of the Celts. Here the first major difference between the two books comes to the fore, for King Arthur by Werner Greub - and here he follows Rudolf Steiner - is not one or another historical personage, but a title or rank in the sense that what Caesar was for the Romans, Arthur was for the Celts - with the original Arthur already stemming from Great Britain before the mystery of Golgotha. Perhaps this explanation will now cause the North American - and especially the British reader - to shake his head in a little less disbelief upon reading that Greub has King Arthur putting up his army camp on the banks of the rivers Birs in Dornach, below Basle, Switzerland in the 9th century!
If we now look at what Bradley understands, or rather believes, the Holy Grail to be (p. 23 ff.), he first dismisses the myth that "Arthur invented the 'Quest for the Holy Grail' as something of a chivalrous make-work project to absorb his younger knight's hormone energy." He then turns to the legend that Joseph of Arimathea brought the Holy Grail to Glastonbury: "It supposedly resided there for some time." It resided? Yes, it, for here Bradley also rules out the popular and common belief based on the medieval French Grail author Robert de Boron and the continuators of Chrétien de Troyes' Perceval that "the Holy Grail was the 'cup of the Last Supper', the same vessel (in tradition) which Joseph of Arimathea held aloft to catch the blood of Jesus when the Centurion, Longinus, pierced Christ's side with a spear." Instead, he embraces the unorthodox, if not heretic view first popularised by the best-seller Holy Blood/Holy Grail in the 1980's, namely that the words Holy Grail are derived from the French "sang real", San Graal, referring to the holy blood of Jesus Christ, that through His marriage with Maria Magdalene is said to live on until this very day in His offspring.(3) He then hastens to assure his readers "that this interpretation of the Holy Grail as a lineage of people is not merely my own. Aside from the linguistic contributions of Jean-Michel Angebert in unravelling the component parts of that artificial word graal, we will discover that the troubadours themselves used extended and complex poetic allusions making it clear that the Holy Grail was a succession of people related to each other." He then drives this linguistic, associative frame of mind to absurdity by falsely bringing in "Wolfram von Eschenbach, whose Grail Romance Parzival is perhaps the greatest literary product of the medieval period" in order to support his claim that the Holy Grail is the Holy Blood, for, as he says, "this Bavarian troubadour states frankly that men and women issued from the Holy Grail to become leaders of communities."
The only specific case of this, however, that Wolfram gives (at the end of his Parzival) is that of Lohengrin, Parzival's (first) son and the twin brother of Kardeiz. The latter is called from Munsalvaesche to become Prince of Brabant, but under the strict condition that he remain anonymous, that he not be asked by the beautiful Princess of Brabant who he is, i.e. he cannot divulge his family origin, his bloodline, but must be judged on his own individual merits. This was not because of any self-imposed secrecy, but a direct consequence of the turning point that Parzival's revolutionary Grail Kingship marked in history, already alluded to in the previous introduction and that will become clearer at the end of this foreword and in the book. The Princess, however, did not keep her word not to bridle her curiosity and so, much against his will, Lohengrin had to depart. The first attempt at implementing the new Grail impulse - a Grail monarchy no longer dependent on the bloodline, the hereditary principle - had failed. Europe, indeed the world at large, was consequently saddled for centuries to come with a succession of kings and queens who came to the throne on the basis of the bloodline - discounting of course those despots and dictators, such as Napoleon, who enthroned themselves by other, more violent means.
According to Bradley and his school of thought (perhaps speculative belief system would be a better term), his Holy Grail is the much sought after secret of the Cathars. And again he bases himself falsely on Wolfram von Eschenbach by saying (on p.90):
The exact nature of the Cathar secret has been much debated, but the knowledgeable minnesinger, Wolfram von Eschenbach makes no bones about it. In his romance, Parzival, von Eschenbach states clearly that the Templar-guarded Holy Grail reposed in the castle of 'Munsalvaesche', which most scholars agree was the Cathar citadel of Montségur.
Bradley seems to be an advocate of the sociological consensus theory of the truth, meaning that if but enough scholars believe something, it must then also be true. Not the number of people believing something determines the truth of something, however, but only the correct underlying train of thought and the corresponding observations. Montségur was in all likelihood a Grail site from the 12th or 13th century, but - as this research report by Werner Greub makes clear - it cannot be Wolfram's Grail castle Munsalvaesche. Moreover, nowhere does Wolfram state that the Knights Templar from the 12th century guarded this Grail castle. Wolfram calls the knights guarding the Castle "Templeisen", which means nothing more than that: Castle guards. Bradley's own abstract and highly speculative dating system of the Parzival poem (p. 332 ff.), placing it back to the 5th or 6th century (instead of the 9th) in order to synchronise it with the dates of his King Arthur, is moreover impossible to rhyme with Knights Templars from the 12th century playing a role in it.
But even Bradley himself admits that he does not really know what he is talking about. In the chapter The [Grail] Dynasty in the 20th century, in which he attempts to describe the Canadian Co-operative Commonwealth Foundation (CCF) of the "Grail knight-at-heart", Tommy Douglas during the Great Depression of the nineteen thirties and other political movements for social-economic reform in North America and Europe as Grail impulses: "It is not very helpful to call the [Jesus] lineage the 'Grail Family', because we do not know what this Grail was, and in any case there is reason to suspect that this bloodline may be the Grail." As Wolfram experts know and as the reader of this book by Werner Greub shall see, there is not a shred of evidence to be found by Wolfram to support Bradley's claim that the Holy Grail is the Holy Blood, quite the contrary.
Equally inconsistent and misleading is what Bradley maintains (on p. 328) about Wolfram's source Kyot: "He [Wolfram] says that he got the story from Guiot of Provence, 'a troubadour, monk and spokesman for the Templars.'" The footnote placed there refers to the book Holy Blood, Holy Grail by Baigent, Leigh and Lincoln (p. 294-295), but fails to note that Wolfram never mentions all of those things about Kyot, whose historical existence is doubted by most scholars - except of course by Werner Greub, who identifies him in this research report as William of Orange, a paladin of Charlemagne and the main character and hero of Wolfram's epic poem Willehalm.
In this way, Bradley joins the choir of those misinterpreting Wolfram von Eschenbach's work in order to serve their own rather preconceived ends. In places where this proves well-nigh impossible, such as Wolfram's mysterious description of the Grail as the stone "iaspis excillis,' he simply dismisses this as a religious pun. Thus he writes (on p. 336):
In describing the Grail as a stone, Wolfram is indulging in a little joke based on a well-known religious pun. Peter, the disciple, is considered to be the founder of the Church, the 'rock' upon which Christianity as an organized religion was built. 'Peter' means 'stone' in Latin, and Peter was the foundation of the Papacy. So Wolfram is just saying that the real foundation of Christianity is the Grail family, of which Jesus was a part, and not Peter.
What a far cry this is from the Wolfram immanence of Werner Greub's research into these very same themes as the Grail - "the symbolic cosmic foundation stone of the earth," not a cup, but a stone left on earth by a heavenly host of angels, symbolized by the semi-precious stone jasper made from silica that the philosophers of antiquity viewed as the symbol for the cosmic egg, the quintessence out of which the physical earth was born; Munsalvaesche - which Greub locates on an ancient Roman quarry on the Hornichopf Hill situated in the Arlesheim Hermitage in Switzerland, an ancient Celtic sacred site, and Wolfram's source Kyot - who is identified as the historical William of Orange, 9th century paladin of Charlemagne and patron saint of the knights!
But nevertheless, for all that, a quite different picture emerges from Bradley's book where - instead of basing himself on the speculative quicksand of much of the secondary literature - he comes up with his own research and experiences. In this sense, his accounts of the clandestine operation to secure a safe haven for the "Holy Grail" in Nova Scotia, in order to protect it from religious persecution in Europe, through the (navigational) skills and exploits of Prince Henry Sinclair - "Glooscap" for the local Micmac Indians - a century before the alleged discovery of America by Columbus, and of the subsequent founding of Montreal (Ville Marie) in 1625 through the combined efforts and preliminary explorations of Jacques Cartier, Samuel Champlain, Maisonneuve, Jeanne Mance and other members of the "Holy Colony" in the service of the secretive French Compagnie du Saint-Sacrament (with headquarters in the Seminary Saint Sulpice in Paris, France) makes for quite fascinating reading and is, as far as I can see, quite original and worth while. Why - as also other, more academically inclined Canadian historians have asked themselves - are there such glaring omissions and errors in the maps and accounts of Champlain of his voyages in and about Nova Scotia? Why indeed were 17 or more people, including Jeanne Mance and Sulpician priests, left out of the first census of the population of Ville Marie in 1666? These are only two of the many unanswered questions, even riddles in the history of the founding of these two supposed Grail sites in the New World from 1398 to around 1750. For at that time the situation in Europe had apparently returned to normal, allowing the "Holy Grail" to return home, but not after it had anticipated or even caused from its secret hideout the French and American Revolutions!
Bradley ends his book with "the faith and confidence that the Grail would not abandon the Western World in the crisis years of our immediate future by overcoming the social parochialisms and cultural expectations that he or she may have inherited by birth to create and defend new and more humane communities."
After this brief summary of Bradley's book, spiced with a few observations of our own, one could rightfully ask: what is one to make of all this? Well, for one thing - one cannot, of course blame this on Bradley, a non-German speaking author, alone - there is absolutely no mention of or even reference to Rudolf Steiner's anthroposophy as an epistemologically based science of the Grail, of the Royal Art of Social Organics, let alone of this book itself. In the previous introduction How This Publication Came About and in the appendix dealing with the devastating review by Lindenberg, we have offered some explanations as to why this could be: after its publication in 1974 by the Goetheanum in Dornach, Switzerland, Werner Greub's work was, so to speak, shelved, put on the index as a so-called anti-Grail book. (4)
This leads us, finally, to the question how Bradley's book - that more appropriately should have been called Holy Blood Across the Atlantic - and others in this line, such as the more recent works by (Sir) Laurence Gardner on The Bloodline Of The Holy Grail and Genesis Of The Grail Kings can be seen in the light of Werner Greub's Grail research and, more in general, Rudolf Steiner's anthroposophy. We have anticipated this here and in our previous introduction by mentioning the spiritual and world historical significance of Parzival's revolutionary attainment of the Grail kingship under the Star of Munsalvaesche in the year 848, where we referred to the incredulous words of amazement by Trevrizent marking this turning point in history. This is indeed what initiated a new age in the development of the Grail Monarchy, a new Royal Art of Social Organics, a development that only came to the full light of day with the foundation of the new mystery wisdom or anthroposophy by Rudolf Steiner at the beginning of the 20th century. By holding on to the bloodline, to the heredity principle, one is in effect advocating an old Grail impulse; and by ignoring this new principle of civilization and at the same time advocating social-economic reform based on this old Grail impulse, one is in effect - whether one is conscious of it or not - standing in the way of the new Grail impulse, of the necessary advancement in consciousness from the intellect to intuition that is so desperately needed for mankind to live in dignity, indeed to survive on this earth.
This is what can be said in all brevity concerning the book Holy Grail Across The Atlantic and others in its wake on the basis of this book. What remains is the challenge of transforming an old Grail impulse, no matter how fascinating and true in the past, into the new one: "The Times They Are A-Changing"; Bob Dylan once sang, "The Answer Is Blowing In The Wind", i.e. the new Grail wisdom as brought down to earth by Rudolf Steiner and further delineated by one of his staunchest defenders: Werner Greub.
This third edition of How The Grail Sites Were Found contains the corrections of the previous edition that were made with the kind and keen help of the writer and astrosopher Paul Platt, from Sheffield (MA) during our lecture tour this summer in New England. The historian Richard Roe, from Ghent (NY) has also made some valuable corrections. An index will have to wait for a future edition. Suggestions or comments on this volume can be made to the address given at the beginning of this book. In a new edition of Munsalvaesche in America - Towards The New Grail Community I hope to report in more detail on this last North American visit and about the ongoing attempts to set up a branch here of the Willehalm Institute for Anthroposophy as Grail Research, Royal Art and Social Organics; out of this can then grow the interdisciplinary research team mentioned in the previous introduction to perform the outstanding research. On The Kardeiz Saga To Review, Recall and Renew The Anthroposophical Society a book with the working title A Union Of People is in the make.
Robert J. Kelder,
Lachine Saul Bellow Library,
Montreal, September 11, 2001
Grail Knights of North America?
The morning after the night of my talk to members of the Anthroposophical Society in Montreal on the subject Social Organics as a Grail Impulse for the 21st century, on the day that I finished the above introduction, September 11, tragedy hit America.(5) This resulted in a ten-day delay of my return flight to Amsterdam. While thus stranded in Montreal, I learned that since his Holy Grail Across The Atlantic Michael Bradley has written two sequels, namely The Columbus Conspiracy - An Investigation into the Secret History of Christopher Columbus (Hounslow Press, Toronto, 1991 and Grail Knights of North America - On the Trail of Grail Legacy in Canada and the United States (Hounslow Press, Toronto 1998).
In these books, Bradley brings a wealth of further "Grail-related" details about what he terms "the noble conspiracy of the Holy Blood to create a New Jerusalem in the New World, a world of religious toleration between Jews, Christians and Moslems." This was, according to Bradley, the real driving force behind Godfrey de Bouillon and the crusades as well as Columbus' voyage of discovery, but whereas both of these movements failed due to the opposing powers of intolerance, ignorance and oppression, the alleged Grail Sites in Nova Scotia and Montreal were a success in the sense that they allowed the Holy Grail to escape and survive from the persecution of these opposing powers, in this latter case the Vatican supported by Spain.
One finds a lot of repetition from his first book; what is new, among other things, in the book Grail Knights of North America is that its author apparently underestimated the number of Knights Templar present with Prince Henry Sinclair at the Grail refuge in Nova Scotia. These knights in the course of time then spread out further inland, creating settlements, some intermarrying with the natives and leaving behind various traces and monuments. All this is interesting, even fascinating and as facts or findings cannot be denied, but: are they really to be interpreted as Grail-related?
As in his first book, Bradley's crown witness for matters pertaining to the Grail is again Wolfram von Eschenbach; indeed his last book begins with a quotation from Parzival about Kyot: "Kyot the master of high renown, found, in confused pagan writing, the legend which reaches back to the prime source of all legends."
And again, the whole-sale acceptance of the geographic identification of Wolfram's Anschouwe as Anjou in France - which Werner Greub shows should be Andlau in Alsace, where Kyot found the first traces of the Grail family - plays an important role in Bradley's "Secret of the Holy Grail": the divinely inspired bloodline of Jesus surviving throughout the ages and now claiming the ascent to its long lost thrones.(6) In the Grail Knights book he writes (on p. 246): "Anjou, in Brittany, was one other place where Merowingian descendants of Jesus found a haven. Indeed, according to Wolfram von Eschenbach's Parzival, the 'Tale of the Grail' began in Anjou, at least as far as France is concerned, with incoming Holy Blood refugees from Arthur's doomed Britain." In the Columbus Conspiracy he writes (on p. 64) that this secret "may not be true, that is not really important. What is important is the fact, and it is an undoubted fact, that many people believed it to be true. Their belief moulded a faith, lives and motivations in a way that was completely unorthodox according to the tenets of the dominant Roman Catholic Church."
With How The Grail Sites Were Found, another, quite different reality of the Grail has now found its way across the Atlantic; one that may turn out to be as equally unorthodox to Michael Bradley and his fellow Holy Blood believers as their belief is unorthodox to the "tenets of the dominant Roman Catholic Church", the Holy See. For this research-report - based as it is on a thorough, pain-staking but unbiased and loving examination of the work of Wolfram von Eschenbach - in fact knocks down many of the pillars on which this already "nebulous idea about the European history of North America" (Bradley in his Acknowledgements at the end of his last book) is standing. As such, it may well come as an unpleasant surprise, if not a real shock. Will it prompt Holy Blood believers to reconsider and revise their ideas or beliefs? This can be asked of the establishment academics and writers as well for whom this volume will be no less of a big pill to swallow, requiring strong powers of digestion. Or will it be met with a deafening conspiracy of silence?
Whatever the reaction may be, it will in any case be a test distinguishing genuine Grail seekers aspiring to the truth from those who are consciously preparing or unconsciously supporting quite a different agenda: not a Second Coming of the Redeemer in the etheric, but a First Coming on earth of the Illegitimate Prince of this World.
Robert J. Kelder,
Lachine, September 19, 2001
Willehalm: King Of The Jews? -
Introduction To The Fourth, British Edition, Including
The Kardeiz Saga To Recall The Anthroposophical Society
How The Grail Sites Were Found -
Wolfram von Eschenbach And The Reality Of The
Grail has been presented this summer of 2001 in various private and public
(town) libraries in North America (Montreal, Canada and New England) and is
now, God willing, to be launched in a fourth edition (with British spelling) in
Great Britain in the Rudolf Steiner House in London on October 26. In the
previous introduction to the third, North American edition we have already
prepared English-speaking readers for the somewhat surprising, if not startling
fact that a 9th century King Arthur is located by Werner Greub on the bank of
the Birs river (Wolfram's Plimizoel) flowing into the Rhine near Basle,
Switzerland.(7) Another minor culture shock for the British reader may well be
that he or she will search in vain for any actual Grail sites specifically
related to Wolfram's Parzival and Willehalm in the United Kingdom and Ireland -
these sites are all to be found, as he or she might say, "on the
continent". Yet, this does not by any means signify that "exports"
from Great Britain play no role in this book, on the contrary.
To mention just three that come to mind as having something to do with Great Britain and the English and Celtic spirit: first of all there is the great scholar Alcuin, the representative of Celtic, Scottish-Irish Christianity, who was born in York and who, as the real spiritual leader of the Carolingian empire of Charlemagne, was also the teacher of Willehalm, the historical William of Orange and Toulouse. It was Alcuin who prepared Willehalm for his Grail quest and his ultimate role as spiritus rector of the Grail events of the 9th century as described in this book.
Then there is the Italian-born, cosmopolitan Count Cagliostro, by many -unjustly -considered to be just a charlatan, who in these pages is portrayed as coming from London in 1782 with his wife, the beautiful Serafinia Feliciana, and his friend the painter Lauterburg to help with the design and laying of the English Garden in the Arlesheim Hermitage in Switzerland, including a Freemason meeting hall in the "Cave of Death and Resurrection", that Werner Greub identifies as the cave of the hermit Trevrizent, located not far from the Grail castle Munsalvaesche on the Hornichopf Hill.
Walter Johannes Stein
Finally, the anthroposophist and personal student of Rudolf Steiner, Walter Johannes Stein deserves to be mentioned in this context, for Stein, although born in Austria (Vienna, 1891), lived the latter part of his life in London where he was advisor to his friend, the well-known industrialist, writer and anthroposophist D.N. Dunlop and, to a lesser extent, to Winston Churchill during the war. Werner Greub quotes from Stein's book The Ninth Century - World History in the Light of the Holy Grail in order to illustrate his point that Rudolf Steiner, the founder of anthroposophy or science of the Grail, was the first one to distinguish between the microcosmic Christianity of the French Perceval by Chrétien de Troyes and the macrocosmic Christianity of Parzival by Wolfram von Eschenbach, a distinction that is much enlarged upon and deepened in this book.
The Spear Of Destiny
There is of course another English connection mentioned briefly in appendix V entitled "Beyond Truth and Reality - Two Misleading Books For Grail Seekers" of this English translation. In this appendix an attempt has been made to refute the allegations made by the anthroposophical historian and critic Christoph Lindenberg (deceased) in his review by that name that this book by Werner Greub is "beyond truth and reality". The other "misleading" book in this review by Lindenberg is namely the best seller The Spear Of Destiny (first published in Great Britain in 1973) by a student of Walter Johannes Stein, Trevor Ravenscroft. His book is largely based on inside information from his deceased teacher Stein, in which he juxtaposes Adolf Hitler versus Rudolf Steiner, claiming that his book was the continuation of Stein's Ninth Century. Contrary to Greub's work, which supplies geographical evidence in order to prove that Wolfram von Eschenbach was describing factual conditions that can be corroborated by on the spot inspection, Ravenscroft's book was apparently written as a historical novel and only afterwards, in order to boost sales, promoted as depicting real history, something that Lindenberg did not know or at least did not point out. As such, it is not surprising that, as Lindenberg takes pains to show, many details in Ravenscroft's dramatic novel are false. He indicates, for example, that many blank spaces in Hitler's biography that at the time of Ravenscroft's writing were still unknown, have in the mean time been filled in. Yet this oversight applies to Lindenberg as well, in the sense that at least one of his point-blank denials that Ravenscroft was telling the truth must, on the basis of what since then has become known, be retracted or at least modified. This concerns, as Lindenberg writes in his review, "one of the especially grave, false claims [that Ravenscroft makes] namely the statement that the deceased Chief of the General Staff [of the German army] von Moltke would have relayed - through the tongue of his wife, who supposedly possessed the gift of speaking in tongues -messages to friends of the family of von Moltke concerning the further course of the 20th century, is a fabrication." However, as the second volume of post-mortem documents on von Moltke's life and work, published by Thomas Meyer in 1993(8) show: the deceased von Moltke did indeed send post-mortem letters to his wife on the future course of the 20th century, only the medium in this case was not his clairvoyant wife, but Rudolf Steiner.
Be that as it may, Lindenberg's scathing review of The Spear of Destiny did not prevent it from becoming a best-seller, while his dismissal of How The Grail Sites Were Found, being a book originally written in German, had more success: it prompted many anthroposophists, for whom it was primarily (but not exclusively) written, to dismiss it as well. - including for a while the writer of these lines. Moreover, as already referred to in the first introduction, it apparently prevented the leadership of the Goetheanum from publishing, as originally announced in the first volume, the two remaining ones of Werner Greub's projected Grail trilogy Willehalm Kyot - Wolfram von Eschenbach 's Source and From Grail Christianity to Rudolf Steiner's Anthroposophy, which were then later published as manuscripts by the Willehalm Institute in Amsterdam (see appendix 7).
Holy Blood and the Holy Grail
An even bigger best-seller than The Spear Of Destiny in England and elsewhere was of course Holy Blood and the Holy Grail by Baigent, Leigh and Lincoln, first published in the United Kingdom on 1982 and republished with a postscript in 1996. In our previous introductions as well as in the footnotes to appendix III The Arlesheim Hermitage as Grail Landscape we have already referred to this book as well as to the multitude of sequels that it spawned or for which it set the stage, such as the books by Michael Bradley and (Sir) Lawrence Gardner. In our first introduction How This Publication Came About credit was given to the astrosopher Robert Powell "who in the summer of 1979 published an extract from this present volume entitled The Pre-Christian Grail Tradition of the Three Kings in his (now defunct) Mercury Star Journal vol. 5, no. 2, that was mentioned in the bestseller Holy Blood and the Holy Grail in connection with Willehalm-Kyot." Indeed, Willehalm plays a prominent role in the Holy Blood and the Holy Grail where he is usually called Guillem of Gellone, but also given other titles such as Comte de Razès and even King of the Jewish principality Septimania in the south of France, the Languedoc. The reference to Guillem occurs in chapter 11 The Holy Grail in the section The Story of Wolfram von Eschenbach on page 317. This occurs after it is claimed, without any evidence or footnote -not altogether untypical for this book -that "the [Grail] Castle [Munsalvaesche] itself is situated in the Pyrenees", suggesting that this is somehow to be gleaned from Wolfram's third (unfinished) work Der Junge Titurel, which it is definitely not.
Then the passage continues:
In addition to Der Junge Titurel, Wolfram left another work unfinished at his death - the poem known as Willehalm, whose protagonist is Guillem de Gellone, Merowingian ruler of the ninth-century principality straddling the Pyrenees. Guillem is said to be associated with the Grail family.
Here there is a footnote reading: "Greub, 'The Pre-Christian Grail Tradition', p. 68." In the bibliography under Greub, W., it is then mentioned that this article from the Mercury Star Journal is an extract from Wolfram von Eschenbach und die Wirklichkeit des Grals. This extract is probably taken from the Chapter Kyot the Provençal, long after Kyot has been identified by Greub as Willehalm or Guillem of Gellone, something which apparently the authors of the Holy Blood overlooked or did not see fit to mention. In the Postscript to the 1996 edition of the Holy Blood (on p. 475) Wolfram himself is given as the source, again without any reference, for something, which as Werner Greub does indeed show to be the case, but for which no or even wrong evidence is given:
Guillam (sic) was also cited by Wolfram von Eschenbach as a member of the Grail family.
After devoting a sub-section to "Prince Guillem, Comte de Razès" in the chapter "The Long-haired Monarchs", the Holy Blood and the Holy Grail relates the following about Willehalm in the one to last chapter "The Grail Dynasty":
Despite subsequent attempts to conceal it, modern scholarship and research have proved Guillem's Judaism beyond dispute. Even in romances - where he figures as Guillaume, Prince of Orange - he is fluent in both Hebrew and Arabic. The device on his shield is the same as that of the Eastern 'exilarchs' - the Lion of Judah, the tribe to which the house of David and subsequently Jesus, belonged. He is nick-named 'Hook-Nose'. And even amidst campaigns, he takes pains to observe the Sabbath and the Judaic Feast of the Tabernacles. He was not only a practicing Jew, however. He was also a Merowingian. And through Wolfram von Eschenbach's poem, he and his family are associated with the Holy Grail.
The authors of the above base themselves on a scholarly and voluminous work entitled A Jewish Princedom in Feudal France 768-900 by Arthur J. Zuckerman, Adjunct Professor of History and Director of the Hillel Foundation at the City College of New York and Professor of medieval Civilization at the Reconstructionist Rabbinical College, a work that we have already referred to in our refutation of Lindenberg's review in the appendix. Zuckerman's erudite research report was published in 1972 by Columbia University Press New York and London with a grant from the Memorial Foundation for Jewish Culture and an additional grant from the Kohut Foundation, and edited under the auspices of the Center for Israel and Jewish Studies at Columbia University.
We mention the impressive list of credentials and financial backers of this work in order to indicate that we are not simply dealing here with obscure literary and religious skirmishes in an academic ivory tower, but with fundamental issues and values underlying our (western) civilisation of which indeed Willehalm is an icon.
Willehalm, King of the Jews?
Is Willehalm of noble Jewish origin from the House of David? This indeed is possible, but refers only to his background, his bloodline. And as we have mentioned with respect to the greatest miracle that Trevrizent calls Parzival's revolutionary attainment of the Grail kingship - the bloodline has outlived its significance as a determining factor for the spiritual development of one's personality in general and for the justification of fulfilling the office and function of kingship. For the purpose of the latter, the new royal art of social organics has become the guiding principle with which to nominate, select and "crown" candidates for this high office.
The arguments for the claim, however, that Willehalm was also a practicing Jew, or even King of the Jews, such as his nickname "Hook-nose" and the interpreted statements from the romances, whereby probably de French Chansons de geste are meant, and other sources do not hold - whereby it should be remembered that according to the Gospel of John (Ch. 18 and 19) the title King of the Jews was given to Jesus Christ, who denied it, by Pontius Pilate to the chagrin of the Chief Priests. Willehalm's nickname in French was "Court Nez" and had nothing to do with a hooked nose, but referred to the missing tip of his nose, a loss he incurred in combat from the slash of a sword. And the degree of reliability of the romances are in this book shown to be rather scanty, as are the reports of the court and church historians of that time, who were all more or less biased in favour of their respective 'employer', a conclusion that Zuckerman in his book also reaches.
But all these are relatively minor points in comparison to the convincing image that Werner Greub, immaculately based on the work of Wolfram von Eschenbach, constructs in Part I of this book. Willehalm-Kyot is portrayed as the most advanced, all-rounded and courageous army-commander, knight, scholar and Grail Christian of his time, an expert in the civilisations of the ancient East and the newly emerging West, who was able to convert the Arabian princess Arabel to Christianity just because of his all-encompassing, macrocosmic Grail or Celtic Christianity that had preserved the link to the ancients, the pre-Christian tradition of the Three Kings. And as supreme commander of the Carolingian army at the southern flank of the threatened Empire, he had successfully resisted the take-over and subjugation of Europe by the Moors, thereby setting the stage for the new universal spiritual impulse brought on by Parzival under the Star of Munsalvaesche on free Christian soil, an event in which as Kyot the Provençal he himself assumed the role of spiritus rector, and as Kyot of Katelangen became one of the leading actors in this Christian mystery drama. Greub ends his work with a reference to the prologue to Wolfram's Willehalm, an appeal to the Holy Trinity, an exclusively Christian concept, to assist him in composing his hymn:
May the help of Thy loving Kindness inspire my heart and mind aright and grant me skill enough to praise in Thy Name a knight who never forgot Thee. Even if he merited Thy displeasure by sinful action, Thy Mercy knew how to guide him to work, of such a kind that, with manly courage at his disposal and by means of Thy Grace, he was capable of making amends. Thy Help often saved him from peril. He risked a twofold death, of the soul and of the body too, and frequently suffered anguish through the love of a woman.
This may be sufficient to indicate, if not to prove that, based on the findings of this remarkable book on the personality and work of Wolfram von Eschenbach, the answer to the question that we placed at the head of this introduction must be negative: Willehalm was not a Jewish King, but was, resp. became a Christian Saint.
Towards A Willehalm Society
Now it is obvious that with the above remarks and passages, however, the discussion and debate about the issues at hand and indeed many others that are raised by this book has only at best been opened and needs to be continued in an appropriate form and forum. In his foreword to this present volume the former president of the General Anthroposophical Society Rudolf Grosse calls for a thorough scientific discussion on the merits of this book and throughout it and especially in the epilogue, Werner Greub invites scholars to enter the many new avenues of research that his book opens up. None of this has to my knowledge really been taken up yet; indeed since its publication in 1974 not one word has been "wasted" on it, apart of course from the devastating review by Lindenberg and the notice of Greub's death, in any of the official organs of the General Anthroposophical Society or in any of its branches throughout the world.(9) This is thus one of the reasons, indeed justifications for the founding of a Willehalm Society for Grail Research, Royal Art and Social Organics, as suggested in the introduction to the first edition. Such an interested circle of supporting friends centred around a spiritually active Institute with a publication journal and regular newsletter in the form and spirit of the Anthroposophical Society with its core the School of Spiritual Science has existed in a small, but seminal form in the Netherlands since 1990. However, in order to realize any of the objectives and research projects raised by this book, much more needs to be done, hence my present plea. Accordingly, this was part of the subject and indeed motive of my talks, backed up by the various book presentations to members and friends of the Anthroposophical Society this summer at the Rudolf Steiner library Ghent NY and in Montreal, Canada; the last talk being on September 10, 2001 to a closed meeting of the English and French speaking groups of the Anthroposophical Society in Montreal.
The September 11 Disaster and the Kardeiz Saga
This brings me to the disaster of September 11, for it does not seem appropriate to end this introduction to the British edition without enlarging somewhat on the initial reaction I wrote in Montreal to this disaster in the light of this book, its background and the substance of recent talks and presentations held in North America. (10) This initial reaction, placed in a footnote to the Postscript of the third (North American) introduction and dated September 19 went as follows:
Never has the need been greater for a strong mediating force of the middle between two hostile, opposite camps that are both convinced that they are involved in a (holy) war, a crusade to eradicate evil, i.e. each other. As portrayed by the symbol on Wolfram von Eschenbach's coat-of-arms, this task of balancing, i.e. neutralizing two opposing (divine) forces has always been the task of Grail knights. Is it too much to say that this tragedy could have been averted, if there had been a really new Grail Community centred around a modern Grail castle Munsalvaesche in the world and therefore also in America? Averted in the sense that the conflict could have been diverted from the physical arena to the soul realm where the differences could have been ironed out by peaceful, spiritual means.
Now the first thing that needs to be said - indeed admitted, for it is not self-exclusive - is that the very occurrence of this man-made disaster, this horrific example of man's inhumanity to man, is a tragic indication of the failure of politics and ultimately of the spiritual-cultural sphere of the social organism on the planet. For as Rudolf Steiner has pointed out in his essay Anthroposophy and The Social Question where he developed his fundamental social law, practical ideas are the very life-sustaining sustenance for this social organism, without them the inevitable result will be disaster, hunger, chaos and in the end war. The individual, the human body, can indeed be helped by giving him or her bread, a community, i.e. a social body, can only be aided by helping it to attain a viable worldview. Since this outbreak of war and the ensuing bloodshed and suffering of many innocent people on both sides is indicative of the moral bankruptcy and failure of the spiritual life, then this also applies to the General Anthroposophical Society and its present leadership at the Goetheanum in Dornach, Switzerland, as well as to the various national Anthroposophical Societies and related groups, indeed the Willehalm Institute included, in as far as these organisations are part of the present impotent spiritual life of mankind on earth.
A corollary to the above fundamental law is that the individual human being or any number of them can be destroyed, but that the human being as such, humanity itself can only be destroyed by eradicating the true, good and beautiful image of that humanity and a human society constructed in its image. This anti-anthroposophy, this dehumanisation is indeed the "highest" form of slouching terrorism that is the least noticed for where and what it is. Now, this structural and principled destruction of humanity and a humane society in its image has been exactly what modern, materialistic science, in spite of its undeniable technical advances, has been doing; and radically complementing and revising this basically inhuman, or at least incomplete science of man and mankind is exactly what Rudolf Steiner has brought to bear with his anthroposophy or science of the Grail.
The mission of spreading and deepening this true image of man and his society he entrusted to the Anthroposophical Society, which was founded anew in 1923 and to its centre of research and development, the Goetheanum, Free University of Spiritual Science, which, as we have seen, in 1974 published, but then dropped this present volume and its sequels. Yet in spite of the individual efforts of many well-meaning and indeed brilliant anthroposophists, often working in complete isolation and abject poverty, the leadership of the newly refounded Anthroposophical Society already before the early death of Rudolf Steiner in 1925 has in general failed to observe and fulfil its one and only task: to realise the original statutes of this Society statutes (later called principles) as an all-embracing new principle of civilisation called social organics that is destined to supersede the more than 2000 year old democratic principle. Not only has it failed to do this, but it has for the last twenty odd years resisted and suppressed all attempts by individuals, including the author, and small groups to uncover and correct this. Only recently, in the face of increasing pressure and dissent, has the leadership begun to face this constitutional dead-lock, although it is far from acknowledging that this is the main structural cause for the state of world-wide paralysis, analogous to the sick Fischer king Anfortas, in which the Anthroposophical Society finds itself. What we have here is thus a general human society which has been entrusted with the true image of man and mankind on earth, but which has not managed to remain true to itself and therefore cannot attain its mission to become a vanguard of the new principle of civilization! Before anything else can be put in order and healed in this world, it must be the Anthroposophical Society.
In effect, what we have been doing here is
nothing else than asking the Parzival question: "Uncle", - in this
case the Anthroposophical Society and its leadership, and in a general sense the
spiritual life of humanity - "What ails you?" Yet, since this is not
an individual matter, but an issue facing a community at large, this
Parzival-question needs to be asked by at least one fifth of its members, i.e.
some 10.000 anthroposophists all over the world, for this is the quorum
according to Swiss Civil law (on associations) needed to support the idea of
holding an extra-ordinary General Meeting of the Anthroposophical Society - the
first such meeting since 1923, when the Anthroposophical Society was refounded
in Dornach, Switzerland. For since 1925 annual meetings have been held of the
administrative and economic pendant of the Anthroposophical Society, namely the
General Anthroposophical Society, Inc. These two similar sounding social bodies
were long considered to be one and the same. In reality they were conceived as
different in quality from each other, albeit related, as for example Grail
knights-of-the word such as Parzival on the one hand and Arthurian
knights-of-the sword such as Gawain on the other, the former more heavenly, the
latter more earthly orientated. Epistemologically speaking they are as
different from each other as mental pictures are from pure concepts. The former
being individualised concepts applied to a percept in an act of knowledge and
forming the basis of administration; the latter being universal ideas that have
not been applied to percepts and constituting the realm in which social design,
royal art can be practiced.(11)
Now, as Part II entitled Parzival of this book demonstrates, Parzifal asked his question with which he redeemed Anfortas and became Grail King on Whitsuntide, May 12, 848 in the Grail castle Munsalvaesche in the Arlesheim Hermitage. On April 8, 2001 a Parzifal question in the above communal sense was put by the author in the form of a motion to the General Assembly of the General Anthroposophical Society at the Goetheanum in nearby Dornach as the first act of a real-life communal mystery play entitled the Kardeiz Saga to Review, Recall and Restore the Anthroposophical Society.(12) The historical basis for this play is inspired by this very book by Werner Greub, for in it Kardeiz is shown to be the second son of Parzival who as a youth was already crowned King on Whitsuntide May 13, 848 in Dornach and given the task of regaining the lands and towns (Waleis, Norgals, Kanvoleiz, Kingrivals, Anschouwe and Bealzenan, all situated in present-day Alsace, France) that were taken away from his father by the usurper Lahelin, a task which he, after having been educated by his uncle Willehalm-Kyot, fulfilled admirably. The historic parallels implied by the Kardeiz Saga - a realm of royal art has been usurped and must be liberated and restored to its original state in order to fulfil its mission to advance humanity to a true image or concept of itself - may have by now become apparent; for the details I refer to my foreword to the social-aesthetic study The Principles of The Anthroposophical Society, which forms the more spiritual basis for the Kardeiz Saga. What remains here is to attempt to further substantiate in what sense this Saga can be seen as a modern Grail task and what relevance it has for a post September 11 world situation
For that we call to aid a perspective from Walter Johannes Stein mentioned in the book by the Dutch writer Willem Frederik Veltman Tempel en Graal (Temple and Grail, published by Hesperia in Rotterdam, 1989; not translated). In a chapter The Mystery of Gold on the three historic grades of chivalry, it is developed that the Grail impulse of the 20th century - and no doubt also for the 21st - lies in transforming the driving force of the world economy from egoism to altruism. The first one is the grade of Faith (Peter), the second one of Hope (James), both lying in the past, while the current and future one is the grade of Charity or Love (John). Veltman writes: "This Grade of John can only be realized today and has to do with a world economy based on a truly Christian love. But for the time being, the world economy as a world power is still developing in an opposite direction."
How this can be considered a Grail task - the harmonisation of two polarities through a middle force - has been shown by Rudolf Steiner in his lectures and seminars on world economy as social organics in Dornach in 1924. In the first of these 14 lectures he states that what he is about deliver is the new language, based on a new way of thinking, with which to present social organics, the idea of the threefold nature of the social organism, in the near future and that it is above all necessary to come to an understanding of the concept social organism as consisting of humanity and the earth as a whole, as one. This social organism or environment is - this follows from other works by Rudolf Steiner in concordance with the New Testament - in essence the body of Christ, but He can only properly incarnate into this whole earth, if we as humanity practice and implement Rudolf Steiner's World Economy by creating the right balance between the production factors of the social organism: nature, labour and capital (spirit). The interaction between these three production factors constitutes the two ways that economic values arise: labour applied to nature bringing about the more earthly value of transubstantiation; spirit (intelligence) applied to labour the more heavenly value of incarnation. The cardinal question here is to bring these two ways of creating economic values into harmony by producers, traders and consumers, united in economic associations spanned across the globe, so that just, fair prices can come about. This radical alternative form of globalisation is the Christian justification for the threefold social order or social organics, and can be seen as a modern Grail task because, again, it is question of creating a just balance between two opposing forces or factors, in this case nature and capital (spirit).
This collective balancing act in the physical, outer world has its individual pendant in the individual realm of human knowledge and action as portrayed in Rudolf Steiner's Philosophy of Spiritual Activity. For knowledge is the synthesis of a given percept mediated to us by our senses with the proper, corresponding concept supplied by our own act of thinking, while action, a human deed is the synthesis of motive and driving force.
This Grail task, as symbolized by Wolfram's coat-of-arms (see plate A) is portrayed in another way by Rudolf Steiner in a wooden sculpture, made with the assistance of, among others, the English sculptress Edith Maryon, entitled Representative of Humanity. It shows a trinity: a solid and balanced human figure in the middle separating and harmonizing two opposing forces or beings: Ahriman or Satan, the cynical oppressor being held and chained down to the earth and Lucifer or the Devil, the enticer in the heights misleading to a brilliance without soul warmth (see plate B). This 9 metre high structure was meant by Rudolf Steiner to stand in and form the background of all the proceedings in the first Goetheanum, which like the Grail castle Munsalvaesche was a theatre for the staging of Christian mystery plays. The sculpture escaped being burned down to the ground when this first Goetheanum, an all wooden structure on a concrete fundament with two interlocking domes went up in flames during New Year's eve 1922, but instead of being given this prominence is now stored in the attic of the second Goetheanum, where, far away from the activities on stage in the big hall down below, it can be seen at certain hours - a deviation from the intention of its maker which, it must be said, speaks, even cries out for itself.
By now it may be clear that this Grail motive of a trinity of active neutrality is the major composition principle of Rudolf Steiner's anthroposophy, justifying its alternative name: science of the Grail. We encounter this principle again in the architectural design of the second Goetheanum, in which two symmetrical sidewalls running north and south connect a polarity of a steep vertical wall to the east with a gently outward sloping wall to the west.
Plate A - Wolfram von Eschenbach's Coat-of-Arms
Plate B - Representative of Humanity)
And we see it also in the composition of the statutes (principles) of the newly founded Anthroposophical Society and the corresponding Foundation Stone Mediation, which Rudolf Steiner offered to lay down in the hearts and minds of the nucleus of some 7 to 800 anthroposophists from all over the world who had gathered in Dornach in 1923 during the so-called Christmas Foundation Conference to call this first general (universal) human knowledge-based society on earth further into being. This Anthroposophical Society was, according to its first of 15 statutes (principles), meant to be "a union of people who wish to cultivate the life of soul in the individual as well as in human society on the basis of a true knowledge of the spiritual world." In the process of realizing this universal charter of a society of free spirits - according to Rudolf Steiner the one and only task of the leadership - its members can unite and elevate themselves to a level of awareness of their higher selves where they can receive the representative of humanity in their own ranks and accordingly constitute the new Grail community. Like the statute of the representative of humanity that was to overlook this process, this new Grail community will consist of a strong and solid middle holding Lucifer (extreme ingrowths of sectarianism, dogmatism) as well as Ahriman (power plays through con tricks, party politics) at bay.
These are the living conditions, as laid down
in an archetypal fashion in the original statutes of the Anthroposophical
Society, for creating an atmosphere in which the Parzival question, asked in
concert by a community, can have the healing effect on it that it did on
Anfortas that Whitsuntide on May 12, 848 in Arlesheim when, as Wolfram towards
the end of his Parzival reports: "He Who for St Sylvester's sake bade a
bull return from death to life and go, and Lazarus stand up, now helped
Anfortas to become whole and well again." To re-enact this real-life
communal mystery play, ideally and to begin with on the location of the
original Grail sites in Dornach/Arlesheim in Switzerland, that is the aim of the
Grail Sites of Royal Art in the Future?
The newly discovered Grails sites will then not only enter the history books as having been found, but founded anew and harbouring a healing impulse for the future. For the resulting world-wide "Union of People" can then become that strong middle force of active neutrality that was mentioned in my initial reaction to the September 11 disaster in order to help make the world "whole and well again." The history books will then also thankfully note that a violent clash of civilisations has been diverted in the sense that bearers of conflicting worldviews and religions can iron out their divisive differences, problems and obstacles in newly constituted Olympic Games of The Spirit with the participants competing for the best ideas toward the solutions of the problems facing mankind and the earth. Finally, the writing of history books will remain necessary, for history - contrary to what has been claimed - will not have come to an end, for want of any alternative to the present liberal, capitalist based democracies, since the demise of communism. For an all-embracing worldview, a reunion of art, science and religion is waiting in the wings to make its long over-due appearance; it is called anthroposophy, science of the Grail, its social component is social organics. A new Royal art can lead the way.
Robert J. Kelder,
Amsterdam, October 18, 2001
My thanks go to the historian Richard Roe from New York City and Ghent (NY) for his help in scrutinizing this text for spelling and other errors. This final version has been revised somewhat and typed up in solitude in the Willehalm Institute Library in Amsterdam. It was not possible to have this final version proofread by a third party. Even though great care has been taken to avoid textual errors, it may thus be possible that such errors have been overlooked. We apologise beforehand for this eventuality and welcome any suggestions for improvement. See appendix 7 for address and E-mail.
(1) Both the Peterborough Transcript and the Monadnock Ledger published (on July 13) in full our articles announcing the talks.
(2) In the Conference Room of this library of the Anthroposophical Society in America two additional talks were held: the first one was entitled Social Organics - A Grail Impulse For The 21st Century during which a new edition of Herbert Witzenmann's The Just Price - World Economy as Social Organics was presented. During the second talk Munsalvaesche in America - Towards The New Grail Community a new edition of Herbert Witzenmann's social-aesthetic essay The Principles Of The Anthroposophical Society As A Basis Of Life And Path Of Training with a Foreword Introducing the Kardeiz Saga To Recall the Anthroposophical Society was presented. Both editions included extensive forewords See appendix VII for further detail on the work of the Willehalm Institute.
(3) Holy Blood/Holy Grail by M. Baigent, R.
Leigh and H. Lincoln, first published in 1982, ends on an ominous note:
"There are many devout Christians who do not hesitate to interpret the
Apocalypse as nuclear holocaust. How might the advent of Jesus' lineal descendant
be interpreted? To a receptive audience, it might be a kind of Second
Coming." Ominous because it confuses the Second Coming of Christ - which
according to Rudolf Steiner has taken place in the previous century in the
supersensible etheric or living realm as an ongoing event (as the Bible says
symbolically 'in the clouds') to be experienced by everyone who manages to
elevate himself or herself to that height - with the imminent physical
incarnation of Ahriman in a climate of death and destruction. All publications
on the Grail that in one way or another follow this line of confusion only
serve in the end to strengthen the violent climate and chaotic pre-conditions
necessary for this anti-Second Coming, an event that cannot be totally
prevented as such, but only minimized in its disastrous effects by recognizing
its various cloaks of disguise and deception.
(4) That this is, moreover, symptomatic for the general state of affairs during the last 25 years, I have attempted to show in the lengthy introductions to the recently presented new editions of working translations of Herbert Witzenmann's The Just Price - World Economy As Social Organics and The Principles of the Anthroposophical Society.
(5) In the next edition of Munsalvaesche in America - Towards The New Grail Community I will attempt to deal with the background and implications of this catastrophe and give a report on what I brought to bear on the subject of my talk the night before the catastrophe. Suffice it to say that never has the need been greater for a strong mediating force of the middle between two hostile, opposite camps that are both convinced that they are involved in a (holy) war, a crusade to eradicate evil, i.e. each other. As portrayed by the symbol on Wolfram von Eschenbach's coat-of-arms, this task of balancing, i.e. neutralizing two opposing (divine) forces has always been the task of Grail knights. Is it too much to say that this tragedy could have been averted, if there had been a really new Grail Community centred around a modern Grail castle Munsalvaesche in the world and therefore also in America? Averted in the sense that the conflict could have been diverted from the physical arena to the soul realm where the differences could have been ironed out by peaceful, spiritual means.
(6) This is not directly implied by Bradley, indeed writing in the Columbus book (p. 51 ff.) on the divine dispensation through the royal blood, he says: "We modern people of a democracy may not be able to muster much sympathy for such a view." But in the foreword to Laurence Gardner's Bloodline of the Holy Grail Prince Michael of Albany, head of the Royal House of Stewart, writes: "This work offers an incredible insight into centuries of strategic governmental alignments, together with their associated deceits and intrigues. For around two thousand years, the destinies of millions of people have been manipulated by unique, though often whimsical, personalities, who have perverted the spiritual aspirations of our civilization. With marvellous detail, the author has removed the constraints of vested interests to related numerous suppressed accounts of our heritage. In so doing, he resurrects the politically silenced history of a resolute dynasty, which the Church has long sought to vanquish in order to further its own ends. Now, in this new age of understanding, may the truth prevail, and may the Phoenix rise again." What else can this last sentence refer than to a bloodline-based claim to a long lost throne? This is, as we have tried to show earlier, with all respect, an old Grail impulse. Nowhere in the voluminous work of Gardner is there any reference to the Star of Munsalvaesche and the miracle of Parzival's Grail kingship or anthroposophy as the science of the Grail, heralding a new Grail monarchy, a new way of governing and government. Yet, oddly enough, in Bloodline (p. 5 ff.) Gardner, who is the Presidential Attaché to the European Council of Princes, says this book "is all about good government and bad government."
(7) For an introduction to King Arthur in Great Britain including Wales from an anthroposophic viewpoint see The Mystery of Arthur at Tintagel by Richard Seddon (Rudolf Steiner Press, London 1990).
(8) Helmuth von Moltke 1848-1916 - Dokumente zu Seinem Leben und Wirken, Band 2 Briefe von Rudolf Steiner an Helmuth und Eliza von Moltke: Perseus Verlag Basel 1993. A slightly abbreviated version of the first and second volume of this have been translated into English and was published under the title Light For The New Millennium by the Rudolf Steiner Press, London 1997.
(9) One example: On the occasion of Werner Greub's death on May 12, 1997, the author wrote an obituary honouring his work and mentioning what had been done further it in the Netherlands. Publication was refused by the editors of the Dutch Organ of the Anthroposophical Society in the Netherlands.
(10) Next to this present volume, two new
editions of translations of works by Herbert Witzenmann, already referred to in
the first introduction, were presented: The Just Price - World Economy as
Social Organics and The Principles of the Anthroposophical Society with a
Foreword Introducing the Kardeiz Saga to Recall the Anthroposophical Society.
Both of them included extensive introductions on which the following remarks in
connection with the September 11 disaster are partly based and which need to be
consulted by those who want to pursue the matter further. Here only a broad
outline can be given.
(11) For this epistemological distinction see Rudolf Steiner's Philosophy of Spiritual Activity and Herbert Witzenmann's social-aesthetic study Gestalten oder Verwalten / Rudolf Steiners Sozialorganik - ein neues Zivilisations-prinzip (Dornach, 1986) (To Create or Administrate - Rudolf Steiner's Social Organics/ A New Principle of Civilization) not yet translated.
(12) This motion with the motivation for it
was printed in full in the German issue of the Goetheanum News for Members
(Nachrichtenblatt, nr 9/2001) on February 25, 2001. The motion itself was
expediently eliminated by an anti-motion put to the General Assembly with the
full consent of the leadership and was accordingly not discussed and dealt with
it at all. For further details see my foreword to The Principles of the
Anthroposophical Society and my forthcoming book on the Kardeiz Saga A Union of
NOTE: these articles appear on this website with the permission of their author who can be contacted at:
NOTE: a French translation of
the book has appeared in 2002
under the title "La Quete du Gral" published by "Editions Anthroposophiques
Romandes in Geneva (ISBN 2-88189-168-3) and with a foreword by the none
other than the Alsatian Count and historian Christian d'Andlau-Homburg, who
would be, according to the Greub book, a descendant of Parzival's family.
As well, after more than 25 years (!), the second volume of Greub's Grail
trilogy on "Wolfram von Eschenbach and the Reality of the Grail" has finally
appeared (in German) , published as "From Parzival to Rudolf Steiners
Science of the Grail" in private by his son Dr. Markus Greub and only
available through him. In it, Werner Greubs describes what he calls the
"Grail War" still raging in and around the Goetheanum that I referred to in
my introductions. A central part is the controversy concerning the real
individuality of Kasper Hauser. The book has more than 500 pages. Parts of
it, I possessed in manuscript, and were translated under the title "From
Grail Christianity to Rudolf Steiner's Anthroposophy".
Look at Andrew Collins’ Questing for the Grail!
to the Henry Sinclair site and his 1397 journey to Nova Scotia